Materiales en 3D Studio Max: Multi/Sub-Object

El material Multi/Sub-Object es uno de los materiales más útiles que nos podemos encontrar en 3D Studio Max. Como ya vimos en Cómo crear materiales en 3D Studio Max, este material nos permite tener varios materiales dentro del mismo. Este número puede ir de 2 a 99, en función de los que necesitemos.

Una vez seleccionado el material Multi/Sub-Object, nos dará dos opciones para reemplazar el material anterior:

  1. Discard old material? Descartar el antiguo material.
  2. Keep old material as sub-material? Mantener el antiguo material como un submaterial.

Dentro del editor de materiales nos encontraremos con las siguientes partes para configurar nuestro Multi/Sub-Object:

  1. Nombre del material.
  2. Tipo de material.
  3. Número de submateriales o materiales secundarios que componen este material.
  4. Establecer número de submateriales.
  5. Añadir (Add) o borrar (Delete) submateriales, uno a uno.
  6. Identidad del submaterial.
  7. Nombre del submaterial.
  8. Submaterial. Esta casilla actúa como la casilla de elección de material en cualquier tipo de material. Podremos añadir un material de la lista (como pueden ser Standard o VRayMtl) y configurarlo como hacemos normalmente, o cargar un material de nuestra librería.
  9. Estado en el que se encuentra ese material secundario, encendido o apagado.

Una vez que hayamos colocado los submateriales necesarios para crear nuestro material Multi/Sub-Object, lo aplicaremos sobre el objeto. Estos submateriales se colocarán de manera aleatoria, por lo que es aquí donde podemos cambiar el número de lugar desde la casilla de identidad del submaterial.

Cabe decir, que podemos utilizar los materiales que hemos utilizado como submaterial en nuestro Multi/Sub-Object de manera individual y sencilla. Para ello solo tenemos que acceder al material Multi/Sub-Object y arrastrar uno de esos materiales al objeto al que se lo queremos aplicar.

Además, algunos objetos necesitarán que, previamente, los convirtamos en malla poligonal. De esta manera es mucho más fácil controlar qué submaterial va a cada parte de nuestro objeto, ya que seleccionando «polygon», en la pestaña «polygon smoothing groups» encontraremos una serie de números que corresponden con cada cara. Es así como, por ejemplo, podemos nombrar una cara con el número 3 y cerciorarnos de que el submaterial 3 será el que le sea aplicado.

Clic derecho en el objeto – Convert to – Editable poly

Estos serían los pasos básicos para crear un material Multi/Sub-Object.

 

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